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6055: UN - OAS - U.S. Department of State (fwd)
From: Stanley Lucas <email@example.com>
Annan recommends folding UN mission in Haiti, calls for new forms of aid
28 November -- Secretary-General Kofi Annan has recommended the termination of the United
Nations International Civilian Support Mission in Haiti (MICAH), pointing out that in the country's
current climate of political turmoil and instability, new forms of assistance must be devised.
In a new report to the Security Council and the General Assembly on MICAH's work, Mr. Annan notes
disturbing signs that political polarization is growing in Haiti. He points out that in the absence of any
solution to the country's overall political crisis, popular discontent is likely to mount, which could lead to
"A combination of rampant crime, violent street protests and incidents of violence targeted at the
international community could severely limit the ability of MICAH to fulfil its mandate," the
Secretary-General notes. "At bottom, MICAH support is contingent upon legitimate counterparts who
enjoy the esteem of the Haitian people and that of the international community," he adds.
The Secretary-General stresses the importance of a constructive dialogue among Haiti's political leaders
and civil society "so as to address the needs of one of the most impoverished populations in the world
and create an enabling environment for international financial and developmental assistance." He notes
that political turmoil has hurt the economy, which in turn has led the security situation to deteriorate.
"Firm action to stop this downward spiral is long overdue," Mr. Annan writes, emphasizing that "in the
absence of such steps, the misery of Haiti's long-suffering poor majority will only be exacerbated."
November 27, 2000
OAS Statement on Haitian Elections
Yesterday's elections in Haiti for President and nine senators took place in accord with the
timetable established by the Constitution of Haiti but without any correction of critical deficiencies
in earlier local and legislative elections. Following the previous elections, which took place May 21,
2000, the OAS Electoral Observation Mission had reported that the computation of results by the
Conseil Electoral Provisoire (CEP) followed neither the provisions of the Constitution of Haiti nor the
Pursuant to OAS Permanent Council Resolution CP/RES. 772(1247/00) of August 4, 2000, the
Secretary General has sought to foster dialogue "to identify, together with the Government of Haiti
and other sectors of the political community and civil society, options and recommendations for
resolving, as expeditiously as possible, difficulties such as those that have arisen from differing
interpretations of the Electoral Law, and for further strengthening democracy in that country."
Between Aug 16 and Oct 20, four OAS missions, the first headed by the Secretary General and the
last three headed by the Assistant Secretary General, produced substantial dialogue, but no
consensus broad enough to achieve a national accord to resolve the political crisis in a manner
that would elicit the support of the international community.
The decision of the Haitian authorities to proceed with the elections on November 26 despite the
absence of such an accord avoids an interruption in the timetable for presidential succession
established by the Constitution of Haiti, but does not alter the need to ensure the broad political
representation and citizen participation critical to the development of Haitian democracy.
The Organization of American States is committed by articles 2(a) and 2(b) of its Charter to
promote and help consolidate representative democracy and to assist Member States to establish
conditions conducive to prosperity and peace for their peoples. True to these Charter obligations,
the OAS remains ready to assist the government and the social and political forces of Haiti in their
efforts to strengthen democratic institutions and to contribute to an environment of peace and
security in the country.
U.S. Department of State
Office of the Spokesman
Statement by Philip T. Reeker, Deputy Spokesman
November 27, 2000
Haiti: November 26 Elections
Yesterday, presidential and other elections were held in Haiti. According to local and international
media in Haiti, as well as analysis from resident diplomatic missions including our own, voter turnout
was low. Although there were reports of isolated violence, the balloting appears to have taken place
without significant incident.
The United States did not send official observers to Haiti or provide electoral assistance because
Haitian authorities have not addressed serious irregularities associated with the May 2000 legislative
and local elections.
The United States will continue to engage and support the Haitian people in pursuing our mutual
interests which include strengthening democracy, improving respect for human rights, eliminating
poverty, stemming the flow of drugs through Haiti to the U.S., and addressing the sources of illegal
Responsibility for remedying electoral flaws still resides with the Haitian authorities. Low voter
turnout and pre-election violence are strong indicators of the need for reconciliation among all
sectors of Haitian society. We urge all Haitians to respect the rule of law and to work together to
strengthen democracy and improve the well being of the Haitian people.
[end of document]