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6998: Fanmi Lavalas Govt Plan: The Major Axis (fwd)
THE MAJOR AXIS
First Axis: INFRASTRUCTURE AND COMMUNICATIONS
Organization Fanmi Lavalas has retained the communal section, the smallest
territorial unit, as the basis for its actions. Thus, in the framework of
extension of the nation road network it has opted to disenclave and
interconnect the 565 communal sections. All initiatives in the sector of
infrastructures shall be guided by the concern to facilitate access to basic
social services (education, health) and economic trade (agriculture and
industrial production, tourism, crafts, commerce).
Organization Fanmi Lavalas deems it fundamental to establish a certain number
of conditions to guarantee the sustainability of the interventions to be
undertaken. The most important are:
a) the participation of local leaders and communities in the beneficiary
b) partnerships between the State and private investment groups for the
provision of services (production, commercialization and management);
c) the presence of small and midsize construction firms to encash human
resources in each department;
d) the encashment of national savings and foreign capital.
On this last point, the Organization intends to first identify the national
sources of funding, in particular Public Treasury funds and use them as
efficiently as necessary to reach its objectives.
The Organization will actively seek private partners (big investors, small
and mid-sized businesses, individuals or potential shareholders) interested
in investing in services such as electricity, potable water, construction of
industrial complexes and tourist resorts... It will pursue negotiations with
the bilateral and multilateral agencies that are willing to continue their
support of this sector and will actively seek out new alliances.
The Organization's concerns do not stop at rehabilitating existing
infrastructures and constructing new ones. It also intends to develop the
country's capacity for maintenance to avoid having to constantly start over
and prevent countless losses of investments. It's aim is to meet an enormous
challenge: Building and Maintenance for sustained development.
Under "Infrastructure" Fanmi Lavalas includes the following sub-sectors:
Roads and construction works
Ports and airports
Transportation and Traffic
Drainage and Sanitation
Second Axis: NATIONAL PRODUCTION
The reactivation of national production is necessary to provide a solid and
stable basis for the economy. Only national production can provide the bulk
of durable employment needed to build the society of peace envisioned by
Fanmi Lavalas and guarantee the State's income. Agriculture, fishing and
aquaculture, industry, crafts and tourism are the main components of this
The objective of the agricultural policy developed by the Organization
targets in particular: the increase of producer income, the improvement of
food security, the reduction of imports of staple goods and the increase of
hard currency income through the development of export crafts. The areas of
intervention prioritized by this policy should dynamize production in the
sub-sector of staple crafts, export crafts and cattle breeding, by
intervening simultaneously on the intensification and expansion of the space
cultivated. Moreover, in order to reach these objectives, the Organization
deems that the State agencies and instruments in charge of implementing the
agricultural development program must be redefined and dynamized.
The major axis of intervention to be retained involves water management, the
pursuit of agricultural reform, valorizing farming as a profession, direct
support to production, support to product marketing, the development of new
areas of export, the reinforcement of the research-training-development axis
and support to the agricultural world.
FISHING AN AQUACULTURE
Given the vital role they are meant to play in the area of food security, the
income of producers and the global economic welfare of the country's
population, the Organization will give special attention to the management
and rational exploitation of fisheries as well as to the responsible
development of aquaculture within the framework of this program.
The commercial policy of Fanmi Lavalas will be inserted in the global
framework of the country's economic recovery and the significant reduction of
underemployment and unemployment.
The country's comparative advantages must come into play in the resources
directed towards profitable economic activities. At the same time, the
relationship between economic agents and the State must be improved by
significantly simplifying administrative procedures, and fighting against the
arbitrary and corruption in the giving and controlling of privileges.
In the area of commerce, five (5) major actions are envisaged, they are:
-the restructuring of assistance to the distribution networks;
-the implementation of a strategy for the substitution of import product;
-the penetration of new markets to increase the export of Haitian products
-the liberation of markets from all forms of corruption;
-the fight against the high cost of living.
According to entrepreneurs working in the sector, Haiti now has the
extraordinary potential of becoming "the dragon of the Americas." Haiti must
use all means available to become in the short term, a place of convergence
not only for North-American and European investors but also for our Caribbean
neighbors and most certainly for investors from Southeast Asia.
The new formula of the US CBI Act, which focuses on the textile industry
allows Haiti to capitalize in the short and long terms. It must be
immediately taken advantage of to spearhead Haitian industry and exports.
Indeed, the ability to cut their fabrics in Haiti will encourage North
American companies to relocate in the country.
In the area of industry, Fanmi Lavalas will achieve the following:
-the upgrading of local industry;
-the implementation of free zones;
The upgrading of local industry will be achieved by:
i) supporting the development of industries with strong local added value;
ii) promotion of competition;
iii) providing investment security and protection;
The implementation of free zones:
Fanmi Lavalas will favor the creation of free zones throughout the country.
These free zones will be established according to the land management plan so
as to constitute poles of economic and especially social development. An
investment code will be elaborated to fix taxes for the industrial concerns
involved in the human development process grafted on the following: housing,
electricity, potable water, education, health, specialized professional
training according to the needs. These free zones should be models of
partnerships between the private and public sectors, and beneficial for labor.
Fanmi Lavalas intends to put in place an aggressive program for the promotion
of crafts since this is an area where the country has invaluable comparative
advantages in the region. This involves a systematic search for outlets for
the sector's products. These activities will be closely associated with
those undertaken for tourist items through:
- the country's diplomatic and consular representations;
- participation in international trade fairs'
- organizing local and regional trade fairs.
In order to make this sector of activity sustainable and dynamic, Fanmi
Lavalas will base its tourist policy on five (5) specific axis:
a) setting up a normalized environment favorable to investments in the
b) finding partners-investors;
c) showcasing the country's heritage;
d) developing accommodation infrastructures;
e) improving know-how in matters of tourist management.
To date, little is known about the country's mineral resources whose systemic
mining could give a vigorous impulse to the national development process.
Simultaneously with the industrial mining of the major lodes that have
already been found, the Organization favors the integration of crafts from
small mines and the derivatives of traditional washed-gold items that have
existed since the discovery of Haiti. This will allow to put in place
operational mechanisms to liberate the sector and facilitate its real
development. To do so, the Organization will call upon experts in the field
to provide training and technical support to the craftsmen.
Based on a document entitled "Plan d'Action pour L'Environment" (Plan of
Action for the Environment) published in May in 1999 by the Ministry of
Environment, the Organization will pursue its reflection to arrive at:
a) a truly decentralized approach wherein the local powers must play an
b) the development of a set of legal instruments unambiguously setting the
respective roles of the Central State, its various sectors and local
authorities in managing the environment;
c) the establishment of sources of income from the exploitation of natural
resources to provide local authorities with significant and stable means of
action in this specific area;
d) coordination, in coming and outgoing control and assessment of the actions
of a multitude of non-governmental actors who often have access to major
financial resources acquired in the name of the sector.
Third Axis: EDUCATION
The Organization's education policy stresses the optimal development of young
Haitian's intelligence, their ability to access the knowledge and skills of
the modern world, and reorganize these to the dimension of their talents so
that they may fully participate in the (re)construction of their country...
This involves a total revalorization of the Haitian's multi-learnedness.
This revalorization requires:
a) universal access to fundamental schools for children between the ages of 6
and 12, to bring up the net rate of schooled children from 67 to more than
90% between now and the year 2004;
b) developing in young people the ability to create freedom of enterprise, a
taste for production and the furthest pursuit of the basic training acquired
in fundamental school, in a technical, professional, scientific or artistic
c) the participation of all in raising the educational level of the country's
disadvantaged populations and fostering a culture of peace and tolerance.
Fanmi Lavalas will orient the actions of the education sector from the
National Plan for Education and Training, a reference document developed by
the Ministry of National Education...
The Organization will take care to define a specific framework of partnership
with the private education sector which currently supplies 89% of the demand.
This partnership will give privilege to those operators who wish to actively
participate in the improvement of the quality of education in Haiti.
Priority actions...take into account school age children and specifically
target: school infrastructures, universal schooling, implementation of the
new secondary cycle, curricula development, health-nutrition and the
beginning of the school year.
Professional training is one of the means by which Fanmi Lavalas plans on
reaching its objective of increased productivity...This involves endowing the
country with a significant number of skilled laborers, and middle management
personnel to allow businesspeople to seek, both at the regional and world
levels, operations contracts with strong added value for the production of
high quality goods and services.
The Fanmi Lavalas objective is to facilitate the Haitian student in accessing
a good grade of higher eduction, comparable to that of the region's
postgraduate institutions...It will also stimulate public and private
institutions to modernize, to improve teacher profile, to develop
partnerships with other universities in the region to engage in educational
activities or joint programs.
The Organization's policy aims at allowing unschooled citizens, especially in
the 15 ti 45 age group, to actively participate in constructing the new
Haitian society, generally guaranteeing to all the full exercise of their
constitutional rights, and to provide underprivileged citizens with sustained
technical assistance leading to their own development. Thus, such a policy
will lead a literate person to: a) learn the skills he/she needs to actively
participate in his/her community's social and economic development, and, b)
to play his role as a responsible citizen with maximum clairvoyance, aware of
the task to be performed to bring the country out its underdevelopment.
Along those same lines, the objectives of Fanmi Lavalas is to lower the
illiteracy rate currently at 55%, down to 35% in 2004 and to 20% between now
and 2006. This effort will be coupled with the knowledge and skills learned
by the learners. By creating original partnerships between the State and
socio-professional groups such as: grassroots groups, socio-professional
organizations, territorial assemblies, schools and universities, human and
financial resources will be mobilized to reach the desired objective.
Fourth axis: HEALTH
As health is an essential condition to well-being, Organization Fanmi Lavalas
wishes to provide it to the population. For this reason, health is a
priority sector of its social program. Its policy on this issue is above all
based on preventing the causes of physical and mental illness in general and
of diseases in particular. The organization firmly believes that the
population's health is first conditional upon:
- a healthy, balanced and sufficient diet;
- decent housing in a healthy and pleasant environment;
- adequate practice of the elementary rules of hygiene both in private and in
- responsible civic behavior resulting from adequate knowledge of the main
causes of most common diseases, notably those that are said to be infectious
The first two conditions will be met on the one hand by a decent level of
income which can only be provided by access to employment for the great
majority of the population, and on the other, by a sound management of the
environment, of drainage and sanitation infrastructures, as well as solid and
liquid waste and potable water.
The last two can only be achieved through a process of formal and informal
education. Therefore, the sectors of economic and social activities as a
whole must contribute to create the essential conditions for maintaining the
In this view, the Organization will convene and network all of the agents of
a geographic area: the complementary and synergy of their actions, their
skills and resources will have a multiplying effect on the results and impact
of their interventions.
In this perspective of optimal coverage of the country at large, it is
imperative to rationalize the health card by ensuring the distribution of
health care centers, an adequate definition of their vocation and their
progressive endowment with the appropriate resources. The new health system,
with its structural organization and the rational use of its resources, will
allow the State to translate into concrete action along with its national and
international partners, its determination to promote quality health care and
make it available to the population, especially the most vulnerable groups
such as women and children.
Fifth Axis: JUSTICE AND PUBLIC SECURITY
According to Fanmi Lavalas, the struggle for a country of laws requires
massive education of the population in matters of justice and in-depth
reorganization of the justice system, the central pillar of public safety.
The organization's policy revolves around the following three (3) major axis:
- the democratization of justice
- the protection of human rights
- the reinforcement of institutional governance
The democratization of justice...implies a profound modification of the
relationship to law, the reversal of the tendency to disaffect the population
towards the legal institution, respect for the decision of the judiciary and
arbitration bodies, and the non circumvention of the rule as pertains to the
application of the law or arbitration.
The Organization intends to bring the country to a state of healthy,
equitable justice, accessible to all, administered by a legal system that
fulfills the major prerequisites of the modern world.
The Organization's policy in this area consists of a reform movement both on
the level of law and that of the organization of justice so as to modernize
all at once the legal and the judiciary, adjusting them to the international
standards subscribed to by the country to fight against impunity in order to
restore trust in justice to those justiciable and to reinforce the State in
the area of social regulation.
The Organization intends to approach the human rights issue in a very wide
manner, far beyond the strict dimension of law enforcement in order to ensure
the safety of the population as a whole.
The Organization's policy in matters of public safety is closely linked to
the professionalization of the national police, the organization of a
community police system, the removal of impunity, the fight against serious
The reinforcement of Institutional Governance must be observed by both the
Ministry and the Judiciary system. This reinforcement comprises three
aspects: internal management, decentralization/decongestion of the judiciary
administration and human resource.