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9194: restavek data (fwd)

From: JHUDICOURTB@aol.com

Note:  I thought since someone had asked for hard data on restaveks, it would 
be useful to them.  As an educator I may have some reservations about the 
type of descriptions of behavioral characteristics but I am just translating 
what's in the report.   My only comment is that it looks like in Haiti we do 
not love other people's children.
There is a report from UNICEF dated 1993 called "Les enfants en situation 
specialement difficile en Haiti" containing a chapter on the Restavek 
situation.  In 1984 it was estimated that 11% of children between the ages of 
6 and 15 were in servitude.  In 1990 the total population of children in 
servitude was estimated at 200.000.  
61% of them in Port-au-Prince, the rest in the major cities of Haiti.  
60-80% are girls
66% work in lower middle class families whose income is less than $500/month 
Don't have time to play: 70% in PAP, 62% in Okap, 39% in Okay
Get corporal punishment:  77% in PAP, 81% in Okap, 69% in Okay
Get 3 meals a day: 17% in PAP, 33% in Okap, 48% in Okay
Would like to go back home to visit or permanently: 74% in PAP, 71% in Okap, 
69% in Okay.
In PAP 11% go to school, 19% in other large cities, 6% in the rest of the 
The report adds that "domesticite" generates frustration, mental illnesses 
that bring on insomnia, lack of appetite, phobias, anxiety, lack of trust, 
feelings of guilt and inferiority .  All of these generate pathological 
behaviors, run-aways, or neurosis and psychosis.
Characteristics of children in servitude:
-looks confused
-shows identity problems
-lacks attention
-passive in the presence of adults
-below normal score in IQ tests (IQ around 75; report mentions lack of 
cultural relevence of test)
-lacks self confidence
-comes from a poor family
-lives in a poor family
The report also has a chapter on homeless children living on city streets 
(82% boys).  They were estimated at 2000 in 1991 and predicted to reach 40-50 
thousand in the year 2000 if life in Haiti did not change.  More than half 
admitted using drugs back in 1991.