Nazi Doctors & Other Perpetrators of Nazi Crimes
Dr. Heinrich Berning
An associate professor at Hamburg University, Berning lead the "famine experiments" on Soviet prisoners. While the prisoners starved to death, he observed their bodily functions degrade; this included loss of libido, dizziness, headaches, edema and swelling of the lower abdomen (Annas & Grodin, 1992). Berning then published his results after the war.
Dr. Philip BouhlerBouhler was the head of the early euthanasia program (otherwise known as the T4 program) along with Himmler.
Dr. Viktor BrackBrack formulated ideas for experiments with Himmler. Brack was very interested in assembly line sterilizations and castration. He wanted to be in charge of the x-ray experiments at Auschwitz, but Himmler choose Schumann to be in charge over Brack.
Dr. Karl BrandtBrandt was a personal physician to Hitler and one of the main defendants in the "Trial of Twenty-Three".
Dr. Carl ClaubergClauberg conducted sterilization and castration experiments along with Horst Schumann at Auschwitz. He tried to look for cheap and fast ways of sterilization and found that x-rays worked quite well. Clauberg tried to artificially inseminate women with numerous things. He injected caustic substances into womens' cervixes to disturb the fallopian tubes (Lifton, 1986). One of the substances he would inject into the women with formalin, novocain, progynon and prolusion to terminate their pregnancies. Block ten at Auschwitz was know as Clauberg's block.
Dr. Leonardo ContiConti was chief physician of the Third Reich. He was responsible for the killing of a large number of Germans of "unsound mind"(Snyder, 1976).
Dr. DeringAt Auschwitz, Dering removed ovaries after Schumann's x-ray applications by cutting horizontal lines above the pubic area (instead of cutting by the abdominal opening), which put the patient more at risk for infection (Lifton, 1986). After the operation, he sent the ovaries to the labs to ascertain how effective the x-rays were in destroying the tissue.
Dr. Auther DietzschA doctor at Buchenwald, Dietzsch suggested that Dr. Ding (Schuler) inject typhus patients with fresh blood; this killed them.
Dr. Ding (Schuler)He tried to immunize patients that had typhus by giving them fresh blood at Buchenwald; this resulted in their deaths. He also gave patients typhus in order to perform other ineffective "curative" experiments on them.
Dr. Arnold DohmenDohmen worked with Kurt Gutzeit at Auschwitz and began experimenting primarily with animals. He was convinced by Gutzeit to do human experiments and infected eleven Jewish children with hepatitis and punctured their livers ( Annas & Grodin, 1992). This heinous act had no scientific benefit whatsoever.
Dr. EiseleEisele was a doctor at Buchenwald who conducted vivisections. He also injected many patients with apomorphine to observe them vomiting. He performed many unnecessary operations and amputations and then murdered his patients (Hackett, 1995). Dr. Eisele was said to have killed at least 300 people.
Dr. EllenbackEllenback was employed by the Department for Blood Preservation at the Berlin SS Hospital at Buchenwald. He studied the oxygen levels of blood samples that were taken from patients doing certain activities and exercise.
Dr. Berthhold EpstienEpstien was a prisoner pediatrician who helped Mengele with his work on the treatment of Noma (gangrene to the face and mouth). Noma is most often fatal but Epstien used the results of the experiments to help some children and adolescents recover.
Dr. Koersten FelixFelix was a doctor who treated national socialist leaders (Snyder, 1975).
Dr. FinkeFinke was a professor at the University of Keil and worked closely with Dr. Sigmund Rascher in the Hypothermia experiments at Dachau. He wrote a lengthy research report (along with Dr. Holzloehner) named "Freezing Experiments with Human Beings." Some of the findings were said to be false or made up, but he delivered his findings from the experiments to other physicians at a Nuremberg medical conference (Fischer,1995).
Dr. Karl GebhartGebhart inflicted wounds upon his women patients at Ravensbruck and then injected sulfanilamide into the wounds. This experiment was fatal to all of the women.
Dr. Erwin GohrbandtGohrbandt was a high-ranking top surgeon in Germany. As the Director of Surgery at the University Clinic of Berlin, he was the chief medical advisor for aeronautical medicine at the Luftwaffe's Sanitary Services Division (Annas & Grodin, 1992). He participated in the Dachau Hypothermia Experiments and then published a report on them in a leading surgical journal.
Johannes GolbelGolbel was Dr. Clauberg's assistant and he helped Clauberg improve the X-ray tracing material. He was allowed to perform many injections, even though he was not a doctor.
Irma GreseGrese was a concentration camp guard at Auschwitz. She was also known as the "Blond Angel of Death." At Auschwitz, Grese was placed in charge of 18,000 female prisoners where she "beat prisoners without mercy and both watched and helped medical experiments"(Snyder, 1975). Irma Grese was especially fond of the operations that dealt with the removal of womens' breasts (Snyder, 1975). She had affairs with quite a few doctors at Auschwitz including Mengele, and was condemned to death after the war.
Dr. Kurt GutzeitGutzeit was a gastroenterologist and professor of medicine at the University of Breslau. Gutzeit was one of the doctors who headed the hepatitis experiments performed on Jewish children at Auschwitz. When his assistant, Dr. Arnold Dohmen, tried to avoid the horrors of human experimentation by doing animal experiments, Gutzeit threatened that his too humane assistant needed to be woken up from his "animal-experiment lethargy"(Annas & Grodin, 1992).
Dr. Julius HallervordenHallervorden was a neuropathologist at the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Brain Research. He ordered hundreds of brains from the victims of the euthanasia project to be sent to him from the killing hospital, Brandenburg-Gorden (Annas & Grodin, 1992).
Dr. Siegfried HandloserHandloser was a lieutenant General and the chief doctor at Buchenwald. He oversaw all medical "treatments" performed there.
Dr. August HirtHirt was a professor at the University of Strasbourg. He collected human heads of "Jewish-Bolshevik commissioners" to do "important" anthropological and anatomical studies (Fischner, 1995). Hirt was also a practicing surgeon assigned by Himmler to find an antidote for mustard gas. He prepared cyanide salts to kill Auschwitz prisoners and was an assistant on the Strasbourg project. He experimented on people and dogs as well as on himself.
Dr. HolzloehnerHolzloehner worked with Dr. Finke and with Dr. Rascher on the Dachau hypothermia experiments. Holzloehner was a professor at the University of Keil and wrote (along with Finke) a research report called "Freezing Experiments with Human Beings". He then delivered his findings to other doctors at a Nuremberg medical conference.
Dr. Waldemar HovenHoven was a physician at Buchenwald who gave his patients lethal injections to kill them.
Frau Ilse KochKockwas also known as the "Bitch of Buchenwald." She was the wife of a camp commander and her hobby was to collect the skins of inmates, both dead and alive, if they had a tattoo she liked. Koch turned the skin into book covers, gloves, lampshades and other sorts of furniture (Fischer, 1995).
Dr. Hans Wilhelm KoningKoning arranged for male schizoid inmates and healthy female inmates to have electroshock therapy, then gassed them afterwards.
Dr. LollingLolling was a SS Colonel who collected human skin from all of the concentration camps for his own personal study.
Dr. MaudasMaudas injected or administered liquid doses of the juice of the plant caladium seguinium into his patients. He performed X-ray sterilization at Auschwitz.
Dr. Joseph MengeleMengele was the most visible camp doctor at Auschwitz and was known as the "Angel of Death". He developed a theory that humans, like dogs, had pedigrees (Snyder, 1976). He performed vivisections, injected chemicals into living peoples' eyes to try to change them, and perpetrated many horrific twin studies (few of which demonstrated anything that could be considered remotely of value). He fled after the war and was never captured.
Dr. Theodor MorellMorell was Hitler's personal physician and injection specialist.
Dr. Joachim MrugowskyMrugowsky was the chief doctor at the Hygienic Institute of Waffen SS in Berlin. Mrugowsky was a key figure in the planning and carrying out of destructive medical experiments in many concentration camps (Lifton, 1986). Some of the experiments he performed include the flawed and fatal efforts to try to find a typhus vaccine at Buchenwald and poisoned bullet experiments at Sachsenhausen.
Dr. NeumanNeuman was a doctor at Buchenwald who experimented on people by vivisecting them and cutting pieces out of their livers.
Dr. Miklos NyiszliNyiszli was in charge of the "special" dissection room at Auschwitz.
Dr. PlazaPlaza was an SS captain at Buchenwald. Plaza killed many patients by lethal injection.
Dr. Adolf PorkornyPorkorny was a retired man in military medicine who supported Clauberg's work on sterilization.
Dr. Sigmund RascherRascher was a Luftwaffe captain as well as a doctor. He was in charge of many of the "military medical experiments" at Dachau including the hypothermia experiments (where 300 people were killed) and the high altitude experiments. He examined the brains of Jews after their skulls were split open (while fully conscious) to see the effects of high altitude on humans (Hackett, 1995).
Dr. Ferdinand SauerbachSauerbach was a top surgeon who took a public vow to support Hitler and the Nazi party, but ended up denouncing them after the war (Snyder,1976).
Dr. Klaus SchillingSchilling was in charge of the malaria experiments the Nazi's practiced on healthy people. Schilling also injected other tropical diseases into patients to examine the various stages of disease progression and compared the effects of the diseases on different blood groups.
Dr. Horst SchumannSchumann conducted sterilization and castration experiments at Auschwitz. Schumann also performed typhus experiments by injecting people with blood from typhus patients and then attempting to cure the newly infected subjects. He worked at Block 30 in the womens' hospital, Birkenau, and invented a machine that gave sterilization and castration treatment to both men and women. Schumann also had a little device that he inserted into the patients rectum to stimulate the prostate and produce ejaculation (Lifton,19nn).
Dr. Wolfram SieversSievers was a SS colonel and head of the SS Ahneneube and selected candidates for Dr. Hirt's experiments (Fischer,1995). ieivers was also known as the "Nazi Bluebeard" for his grisly practices.
Dr. Hermann StieveStieve was the director of the Institute of Anatomy at Berlin University. He conducted experiments on women prisoners from the Plotensee prison and at Ravensbruck Concentration Camp. He examined the female menstrual cycle under stress, including looking at irregular bleeding that women manifested after they were informed that they would be executed (Annas & Grodin,19mm).
Dr. Ludwig StumpfeggerStumpfegger was one of Hitler's personal physician who remained with him until his last days (Snyder, 1976). He also worked in a clinic under Dr. Karl Gebhardt.
Dr. VaernetVaernet was a SS major and a doctor at Buchenwald. He experimented with ways to try to cure homosexuality by injecting synthetic hormones into mens' groins, hoping that this would alter their sex drives and preferences (Hackett, 1995). Vaernet castrated fifteen men who all died as a result.
Dr. Helmuth VetterVetter did pharmacological trials in Auschwitz and Mauthausen. He conducted medical experiments for Bayer using ruthenohal and 3582 to treat serious medical conditions. Most of the time the patients died quickly.
Dr. Hermann VossVoss was a professor of anatomy at Posen University in Poland. He conducted experiments by collecting materials straight from the guillotine of the Posen Gestapo (Annas & Grodin, 1992). He also did experiments on the blood in the spleen and from these he wrote a text book called the "Voss-Herrlinger Book" from which almost every medical student in Germany learned (Annas & Grodin, 1992).
Dr. WagnerWagner was a Doctor at Buchenwald and did a dissertation on tattooing. Wagner selected people with tattoos to die and made furniture out of human skin and bones (Hackett, 1995).
Dr. Bruno WeberWeber was the chief of the Hygienic Institute. Interested in the interactions between human blood types, he injected his patients with a variety of blood types to observe the effects. Weber took the blood from weak inmates or killed inmates by letting them bleed to death (Lifton, 1986). He also gave patients various barbiturates and morphine derivatives to see if he could brain wash prisoners and use mind control (Lifton, 1986).
Dr. Edward WirthsWirths studied the pre-cancerous condition of the cervix and was the chief SS doctor at Auschwitz.
Dr. Helmut WirthsAlong with his brother, he studied pre-cancerous growths of the cervix at Auschwitz.
Intro Death Camps Trial of the 23 References