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7001: Fanmi Lavalas Govt Plan: State Management & Decentralization (fwd)
STATE MANAGEMENT AND DECENTRALIZATION
The start of real modernization and efficient management of public affairs
must necessarily go through the restoration of the state's authority and a
reconciliation between citizens and the State.
A strong state requires a strong justice system and strong law enforcement,
capable of respecting the rules of democracy and enforcing respect for these
rules. The affirmation of the State's authority will consist of passing on
the power's political will to the administrative system.
This State must therefore consciously ensure the economy's orientation, the
provision and control of basic services in order to prioritize general
interests. To do so, the Organization will make sure that within the
administrations, authority will be exercised by men and women with a sense of
collective interests, justice and responsibility in the management of state
To reconcile citizens and the State, the Lavalas Organization takes on the
task of creating a balance between missions of public power and public
service vested in the State by the Constitution. During the next five years,
the Organization is committed to:
a) Redefining the State's structures to bring them closer to the citizens,
making them more receptive to civil society and more accessible to investors.
b) Increasing the efficiency of the state machinery.
For Fanmi Lavalas, decentralization lies in providing the territorial
assemblies with a number of real decision-making powers in their financial
management through the transfer of skills to be practiced in a
pre-established legal framework implemented at the national level. The
autonomy of the territorial assemblies must be reinforced and deepened in the
framework of the renovated rules of the game. As seen by the Organization,
decentralization must go through:
a) an in depth change in the financial relations between the State and the
local assemblies, meaning the departments, the communes and the communal
b) the implementation of a system of financial assistance to the local
The management of public finances requires in depth knowledge of financial
and administrative management to which every state must subscribe. The
Organization will provide management training by way of work meetings,
workshops, short or lengthy seminars. It is indeed important to establish
habits of sound and transparent management where there can be no major
disbursements without a clear demonstration of options or justifications of
the least expenditure.